man composting

Mastering Composting: A Sustainable Guide for a Lush Landscape


In the scenic landscapes of Fort Collins, Windsor, Loveland, and Northern Colorado, Backes Landscaping stands as a beacon of eco-conscious landscaping. Our commitment to creating vibrant, sustainable outdoor spaces goes hand in hand with the practice of composting, a cornerstone of environmentally friendly landscaping. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll take you on a journey through the art of composting, exploring the best practices and the types of products that should find their way into your compost pile.

The Magic of Composting

Composting is nature’s way of recycling organic materials into nutrient-rich soil. It’s a sustainable practice that not only reduces waste but also nourishes your garden, promoting healthier plant growth. Composting has a host of benefits:

  1. Enriched Soil: Compost is a powerhouse of nutrients, enriching your soil and enhancing its ability to retain moisture. This results in healthier, more robust plants.
  2. Waste Reduction: Composting diverts organic waste from landfills, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and landfill space usage.
  3. Cost Savings: By creating your compost, you save money on commercial fertilizers and soil conditioners.
  4. Soil Health: Compost improves soil structure, making it less prone to erosion and more resistant to pests and diseases.
compost heap

The Composting Essentials

Now that you understand the importance of composting, let’s delve into the nitty-gritty of how to create your compost and what items should go into it.

  1. Choose the Right Location: Start by selecting an appropriate spot for your compost pile or bin. It should be well-drained and receive some sun, but not be exposed to scorching heat all day.
  2. Invest in a Compost Bin: While you can create a compost pile directly on the ground, a bin helps contain the compost and regulate temperature and moisture. Bins are available in various sizes and materials, from wood to plastic, to suit your preferences and needs.
  3. Balance the Ingredients: Successful composting hinges on a balance between carbon-rich “browns” and nitrogen-rich “greens.” Here’s what each category includes:


Dry leaves

Straw or hay

Newspaper (shredded)

Cardboard (cut into small pieces)

Sawdust (in moderation)

Wood chips (in moderation)


Fruit and vegetable scraps

Coffee grounds and filters

Grass clippings

Garden trimmings


Tea bags (remove staples)

  1. Avoid These Items: Some materials are best kept out of your compost pile, as they can disrupt the composting process or introduce pests:

Meat and dairy products (they can attract animals)

Diseased plants

Pet waste

Coal ash

Treated wood or sawdust (contains chemicals)

Weeds with mature seeds (they might survive the composting process)

  1. Maintain Proper Moisture: Your compost pile should have the consistency of a damp sponge. Water it regularly to keep it moist, but not waterlogged. Proper moisture ensures that beneficial microorganisms can thrive and break down the materials.
  2. Aerate the Compost: Turn your compost pile regularly, about once a week, to introduce oxygen. This aids decomposition and minimizes odors.
  3. Patience is a Virtue: Composting takes time, typically several months to a year. Be patient, and you’ll be rewarded with nutrient-rich compost for your garden.
compost containers

Composting Tips for Success

To truly master composting, consider these additional tips:

Layering: Alternate layers of browns and greens in your compost bin. This creates a well-balanced mix of carbon and nitrogen, essential for efficient decomposition.

Chop or Shred: Smaller pieces decompose faster. Chop or shred large materials like branches or cardboard before adding them to the pile.

Cover It Up: Use a cover on your compost bin to help maintain proper moisture levels and prevent pests from getting in.

Temperature Matters: Compost piles heat up as they decompose. This heat helps kill weed seeds and pathogens. A temperature between 135°F and 160°F is ideal.

Using Your Compost

Once your compost is dark, crumbly, and earthy-smelling, it’s ready to use. Here’s how you can benefit from your compost:

  1. Soil Amendment: Mix compost into your garden soil to improve its fertility and structure. It enhances water retention and aeration.
  2. Mulch: Spread a layer of compost around the base of plants to help conserve moisture, control weeds, and moderate soil temperature.
  3. Potting Mix: Blend compost with other ingredients to create a nutrient-rich potting mix for container gardening.
  4. Compost Tea: Soak compost in water to create a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer for your plants
  5. Lawn Dressing: Spread a thin layer of compost over your lawn to improve soil health and promote lush, green grass.
compost heap


Composting is a transformative practice that not only reduces waste but also elevates your landscaping efforts. At Backes Landscaping, we believe that creating sustainable, thriving outdoor spaces starts with responsible practices like composting. By following the tips and guidelines we’ve provided, you can turn organic waste into garden gold, enriching your soil and fostering healthier, more vibrant landscapes in Fort Collins, Windsor, Loveland, and throughout Northern Colorado. Embrace the magic of composting and watch your gardens flourish with life and beauty.

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